Damascus, Syria

Damascus, with its thousand-year history remembers some of the successive civilizations: Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, Muslims, Crusaders, Mongols, Turks and French. In the modern Arab era is one of the most lively and historically significant cities on earth. The ruins of the ancient city lies at a depth of 2.5 m. The old town has ramparts and gates of the Roman period, the Umayyad Mosque and legendary churches including the Chapel of St. Paul. Eastern Gate and the market Medat Pasha are on the streets, whose history dates back to biblical times.