Tourism in East Timor Maps of the Wolrd | News | Reviews

East Timor

Country on the E side of the island of Timor in the W Pacific Ocean N of Australia. The capital is Dili. The Portuguese visited Timor in the early 16th century. Their claim to Timor was disputed by the Dutch, who arrived in 1613. Treaties in 1859, 1893, and 1914 divided the island giving the eastern half to the Portuguese and the western half to the Dutch. The Japanese occupied the island in World War II, and after the war, Dutch Timor became part of the Republic of Indonesia.

In 1975, when Portugal granted its former colonies independence, fighting broke out between rival independence parties in Portuguese Timor. The leftist Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) triumphed, and established the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste, with Francisco Xavier do Amaral as its president. Indonesia invaded the new nation nine days later, and annexed East Timor. Starvation, disease, and warfare killed as many as 120,000 East Timorese by 1979. A low-level guerrilla war between FRETILIN rebels and Indonesia continued until 1999, when Indonesia and Portugal agreed to give East Timor the right to vote for independence or autonomy.

In 1999, against Indonesian expectations, Timor Leste voted for independence in a UN-supervised referendum. The Indonesian army and pro-Indonesian militias attacked pro-independence supporters, looting and burning many homes and buildings. A peacekeeping force arrived and Indonesia withdrew. The United Nations assumed the administration and defense of East Timor as a non-self-governing territory. A constituent assembly, charged with writing a constitution for East Timor, was elected in 2001, and in 2002, José Alexand re “Xanana” Gusmão, a former guerrilla leader, defeated Xavier do Amaral as president and Timor Leste became an independent nation. A treaty that resolved most border issues was signed with Indonesia in 2005.


East Timor in photos

Explore every corner in East Timor

1 truly amazing places you must visit in East Timor

places of interest you must visit

Travel news

day tulips is a national holiday in the netherlands

The Netherlands is the main supplier of flowers to the European market. The locals are well aware of all the value colors, so every year celebrate the festival, which takes place on January 18. This ... read more

medieval festival on tour levens

Going in early April to France? Then be sure to visit April 13, one of hundreds of French cities named Round-Levens. It is only 30 minutes drive from nice. That same day, on the territory of this set... read more

new entertainment for croatian tourists

Next June on the territory of Croatia will open the country's first water Park. According to local authorities, June 2014 will be a truly major milestone in the life of the country, as they will pres... read more

italy poured rain

Italy was at the mercy of the elements. Every day Italians and tourists contemplate on the streets vast puddles. On top of constantly being pelted with rain. All this led to the fact that the water l... read more

dubai breaks records again

Soon one of the main boulevards of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid to turn into the Boulevard gourmet. And all thanks to the fact that over 3.5 kilometers will host a huge number of cafes, restaurants and ... read more