Tourism in Malta Maps of the Wolrd | News | Reviews

Malta

Independent nation in the Mediterranean Sea, S of Sicily, consisting of the main island of Malta and two smaller ones, Gozo and Comino. Malta has been fought over for centuries because of its strategic location in relation to some of the most vital sealanes in the world. The earliest archaeological remains found on Malta date from before 3000 b.c. to c. 1500 b.c. and include a number of enormous Neolithic, stone temple tombs. The Phoenicians were the first of the early civilizations to occupy Malta, followed by the Greeks, and , in the sixth century b.c., the Carthaginians. Rome, in its deadly war with Carthage, captured the island in 218 b.c. Saint Paul was shipwrecked on Malta in a.d. 60 on his way to Rome as a prisoner. The Saracens conquered Malta in 870 and the Norman kingdom of Sicily followed in 1090. After the Knights Hospitalers of St. John of Jerusalem were driven from Rhodes in 1522 by the Ottoman Empire, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V gave them sovereignty over Malta. They founded the capital, Valletta and successfully defended it against the Turks in 1565. The Knights of Malta were forced to leave when Napoleon I of France captured the island in 1798. He was driven out by the British in 1800, and their ownership was confirmed by the Congress of Vienna in 1815.

The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 further increased Malta’s strategic importance, which was confirmed in World War II when the Axis powers bombed it some 1,200 times without entirely depriving the Allies of its use. George VI of Great Britain conferred the George Cross on the entire population in 1942 to honor their bravery. On September 21, 1964, Malta became independent but remained in the Commonwealth of Nations. The government, however, wished to be nonaligned in world affairs and insisted on the closing of the British naval base when an agreement concerning its use expired in 1979. The base had been maintained for 179 years and had been a valuable asset in the Maltese economy. In 1974, Malta became a republic. In 1990 Malta applied for full membership in the European Union. It was admitted in 2004.


     

Malta in photos

Explore every corner in Malta

13 truly amazing places you must visit in Malta

places of interest you must visit

Travel news

dubai breaks records again

Soon one of the main boulevards of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid to turn into the Boulevard gourmet. And all thanks to the fact that over 3.5 kilometers will host a huge number of cafes, restaurants and ... read more

new ski season in davos

This Friday, 15 November the Swiss Davos will open its doors for those who like to hit the slopes, that is for skiers and snowboarders. ... read more

start ski resort in france is delayed

In the French Alps and the Pyrenees ski season will start later than usual. The managers of the resorts already made a statement in which the reason of delaying the opening of the season was named a ... read more

lovers destroyed one of the bridges of paris

In Paris, there was a real emergency. One of the parts of the bridge could not stand the severity of a large number of locks left by lovers couples from around the world. According to some estimates,... read more

sushi the championship will take place in japan

The world Cup of cooking traditional Japanese food sushi will be held in Chiba, from 6 to 8 March. ... read more