Rawalpindi, Pakistan

City and capital of Rawalpindi division and district, N Punjab, 90 mi ESE of Peshawar. Founded by Sikhs in 1765, it became an important British military station after their occupation of the Punjab in 1849. On August 8, 1919, a treaty was signed here by Great Britain and Afghanistan that ended the Third Afghan War. It was the temporary capital of Pakistan between 1959 and 1970.