Republic in West Africa, on the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana. Its capital is Lome. Togo was granted independence by the French on April 27, 1960. It maintained close links with France and receives considerable economic aid from her. The government was overturned by coups in 1963 and 1967. Relations with Ghana became strained in 1966 when the Ghanaians wanted to merge with Togo. In 1967, an army coup was led by Lieutenant Colonel Gnanssingbe Eyadema, who became president.
Eyadema ruled until his death in 2005. His son was selected to succeed him, was forced to step down amidst local and international opposition.