Tourism in Turkmenistan Maps of the Wolrd | News | Reviews

Turkmenistan

Independent republic in Central Asia, N of Afghanistan and Iran, S of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, and E of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Ashgabat.

The region passed under many rulers in its early history, including the Achaemenid Persians, the Arabs in the eighth century a.d., Seljuk Turks in the 11th, Genghis Khan and Tamerlane in the 13th and 14th centuries, and the Uzbeks. Russian military conquest began in 1869 and was completed in 1881, after which the region was included in the former Transcaspian region. During the Russian Revolution fighting broke out between the Bolsheviks and the Transcaspian provincial government, resulting in the fall of Ashgabat to the Red Army in July 1919. Turkmenistan then became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1925. In 1991, a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union was passed, and Turkmenistan became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Saparmurat Niyazov became president and has made himself the object of a nationwide personality cult. Niyazov was “reelected” unopposed in 1992 and 1994, and in 1999 was voted “President for life” by the parliament. The former Turkmen Communist Party has continued to hold power, while opposition to the regime has been suppressed.

The government has attempted economic reform, and has attracted some foreign investment, especially in exploiting the country’s rich gas reserves (including a natural-gas pipeline to Iran). In 1994 Turkmenistan became the first Central Asian republic to join NATO’s Partnership for Peace program. In 1995 Turkmenistan signed 23 bilateral agreements with Russia.


     

Turkmenistan in photos

Explore every corner in Turkmenistan

4 truly amazing places you must visit in Turkmenistan

places of interest you must visit

Travel news

flower carnival in nice

From February 14 to March 4, nice will turn into one big bed. It was at this time in one of the most luxurious cities in France will host the annual carnival. This year his theme is called "King of g... read more

opened a new mandarin oriental hotel in guangzhou

In Guangzhou opened a new five-star hotel Mandarin Oriental, located on the upper floors of the TaiKoo Hui. ... read more

new marine zoo in andalusia

Andalusia is an Autonomous community of Spain, has acquired a new attraction. Next spring will open its doors to the so-called marine zoo called Acuario de Sevilla. It will be divided into several wa... read more

dubai breaks records again

Soon one of the main boulevards of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid to turn into the Boulevard gourmet. And all thanks to the fact that over 3.5 kilometers will host a huge number of cafes, restaurants and ... read more

china again drowned in the smog

In the Northern part of China there is a city called Harbin. The last few days, local residents feel unpleasant odors, not to mention the poor visibility on the roads. The fact that the city was cove... read more